Oscar Oscars: Pitt und Dern sind beste Nebendarsteller
Der Academy Award, offizieller Name Academy Award of Merit, besser bekannt unter seinem Spitznamen Oscar, ist der bekannteste Filmpreis der Filmindustrie. Er wird alljährlich von der US-amerikanischen Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Der Academy Award, offizieller Name Academy Award of Merit (engl. für „Verdienstpreis der Akademie“), besser bekannt unter seinem Spitznamen Oscar, ist der. Die Verleihung der Oscars (englisch 92nd Academy Awards) fand am 9. Februar im Dolby Theatre in Los Angeles statt. Im Jahr der Oscarverleihung. Alle Infos, Nominierungen und Gewinner zur Oscar-Verleihung sowie die besten Bilder der Academy Awards in Los Angeles. Oscar-Gala doch noch einen Überraschungsknaller: Die südkoreanische Sozialsatire "Parasite" holte auch die Königskategorie Bester Film.
Die Verleihung der Oscars (englisch 92nd Academy Awards) fand am 9. Februar im Dolby Theatre in Los Angeles statt. Im Jahr der Oscarverleihung. Oscar-Gala doch noch einen Überraschungsknaller: Die südkoreanische Sozialsatire "Parasite" holte auch die Königskategorie Bester Film. Schauspielerin Scarlett Johansson (l) gratuliert Schauspielerin Laura Dern, der Gewinnerin des Oscars für die beste Nebendarstellerin in "Marriage Story".
Oscar - InhaltsverzeichnisOscar-Verleihung Alle Gewinner im Überblick. Februar , abgerufen am 3. Verleihung der Oscars englisch 92nd Academy Awards fand am 9.
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As with the previous ceremony , there was no host. The ceremony was broadcast on ABC. This ceremony marked the first time in Oscar history that more than three films had received ten or more nominations.
The first Academy Awards presentation was held on May 16, , at a private dinner function at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel with an audience of about people.
The post-awards party was held at the Mayfair Hotel. Fifteen statuettes were awarded, honoring artists, directors and other participants in the film-making industry of the time, for their works during the —28 period.
Winners were announced to media three months earlier. That was changed for the second ceremony in He had to return to Europe before the ceremony, so the Academy agreed to give him the prize earlier; this made him the first Academy Award winner in history.
At that time, winners were recognized for the entirety of their work done in a certain category during the qualifying period; for example, Jannings received the award for two movies in which he starred during that period, and Janet Gaynor later won a single Oscar for performances in three films.
With the fourth ceremony, however, the system changed, and professionals were honored for a specific performance in a single film.
For the first six ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned two calendar years. Until then, foreign-language films had been honored with the Special Achievement Award.
Perhaps the most widely seen streaker in history was year-old Robert Opel, who streaked across the stage of The Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles flashing a peace sign on national US television at the 46th Academy Awards in Bemused host David Niven quipped, "Isn't it fascinating to think that probably the only laugh that man will ever get in his life is by stripping off and showing his shortcomings?
Robert Metzler, the show's business manager, believed that the incident had been planned in some way; during the dress rehearsal Niven had asked Metzler's wife to borrow a pen so he could write down the famous line, which was thus not the ad-lib it appeared to be.
Parasite became the first foreign-language film to win Best Picture at the February 9, award ceremony. The best known award is the Academy Award of Merit, more popularly known as the Oscar statuette.
The five spokes represent the original branches of the Academy: Actors, Writers, Directors, Producers, and Technicians. The statuettes presented at the initial ceremonies were gold-plated solid bronze.
Within a few years, the bronze was abandoned in favor of Britannia metal , a pewter-like alloy which is then plated in copper, nickel silver, and finally, karat gold.
Following the war, the Academy invited recipients to redeem the plaster figures for gold-plated metal ones.
The original Oscar mold was cast in at the C. From to ,  approximately 50 Oscars in a tin alloy with gold plating were made each year in Chicago by Illinois manufacturer R.
Cast in liquid bronze from 3D-printed ceramic molds and polished, they are then electroplated in karat gold by Brooklyn , New York—based Epner Technology.
The time required to produce 50 such statuettes is roughly three months. Owens is expected to continue producing other awards for the Academy and service existing Oscars that need replating.
The Academy officially adopted the name "Oscar" for the trophies in However, the origin of the nickname is disputed.
One biography of Bette Davis , who was a president of the Academy in , claims she named the award after her first husband, band leader Harmon Oscar Nelson.
A frequently mentioned originator is Margaret Herrick , the Academy executive secretary, who, when she first saw the award in , said the statuette reminded her of "Uncle Oscar", a nickname for her cousin Oscar Pierce.
Columnist Sidney Skolsky, who was present during Herrick's naming in , wrote that "Employees have affectionately dubbed their famous statuette 'Oscar.
To prevent information identifying the Oscar winners from leaking ahead of the ceremony, Oscar statuettes presented at the ceremony have blank baseplates.
Until , winners returned their statuettes to the Academy and had to wait several weeks to have their names inscribed on their respective Oscars.
Since , winners have had the option of having engraved nameplates applied to their statuettes at an inscription-processing station at the Governor's Ball, a party held immediately after the Oscar ceremony.
The R. Owens company has engraved nameplates made before the ceremony, bearing the name of every potential winner.
The nameplates for the non-winning nominees are later recycled. If a winner refuses to agree to this stipulation, then the Academy keeps the statuette.
Academy Awards not protected by this agreement have been sold in public auctions and private deals for six-figure sums.
In , Harold Russell needed money for his wife's medical expenses. Since he won the award before , he was not required to offer it to the Academy first.
Russell defended his decision, saying, "I don't know why anybody would be critical. My wife's health is much more important than sentimental reasons.
The movie will be here, even if Oscar isn't. While the Oscar is owned by the recipient, it is essentially not on the open market.
Although some Oscar sales transactions have been successful, some buyers have subsequently returned the statuettes to the Academy, which keeps them in its treasury.
In addition to the Academy Award of Merit Oscar award , there are nine honorary non-competitive awards presented by the Academy from time to time except for the Academy Honorary Award, the Technical Achievement Award, and the Student Academy Awards, which are presented annually : .
The Academy also awards Nicholl Fellowships in Screenwriting. Since , Academy Award nomination results have been announced to the public in mid-January.
Prior to that, the results were announced in early February. Academy membership is divided into different branches, with each representing a different discipline in film production.
Actors constitute the largest voting bloc, numbering 1, members 22 percent of the Academy's composition. Votes have been certified by the auditing firm PricewaterhouseCoopers and its predecessor Price Waterhouse since the 7th Academy Awards in The firm mails the ballots of eligible nominees to members of the Academy in December to reflect the previous eligible year with a due date sometime in January of the next year, then tabulates the votes in a process that takes thousands of hours.
Membership eligibility may be achieved by a competitive nomination or a member may submit a name based on other significant contributions to the field of motion pictures.
New membership proposals are considered annually. The Academy does not publicly disclose its membership, although as recently as press releases have announced the names of those who have been invited to join.
The release also stated that it has just under 6, voting members. While the membership had been growing, stricter policies have kept its size steady since then.
In May , the Academy sent a letter advising its 6, or so voting members that an online system for Oscar voting would be implemented in According to Rules 2 and 3 of the official Academy Awards Rules, a film must open in the previous calendar year, from midnight at the start of January 1 to midnight at the end of December 31, in Los Angeles County , California, and play for seven consecutive days, to qualify except for the Best International Feature Film, Best Documentary Feature, and awards in short film categories.
It requires the film to be submitted as its country's official selection. The Best Documentary Feature award requires either week-long releases in both Los Angeles County and New York City [a] during the previous calendar year, or a qualifying award at a competitive film festival from the Documentary Feature Qualifying Festival list regardless of any public exhibition or distribution , or a submission in the International Feature Film category as its country's official selection.
The qualifying theatrical runs must meet the same requirements as those for non-documentary films regarding numbers and times of screenings.
First, the qualifying period for release does not coincide with a calendar year, instead covering a one-year period starting on October 1 and ending on September 30 of the calendar year before the ceremony.
Second, there are multiple methods of qualification. The main method is a week-long theatrical release in either Los Angeles County or New York City during the eligibility period.
Films also can qualify by winning specified awards at one of a number of competitive film festivals designated by the Academy, also without regard to prior public distribution.
Finally, a film that is selected as a gold, silver, or bronze medal winner in an appropriate category of the immediately previous Student Academy Awards is also eligible Documentary category for that award, and Animation, Narrative, Alternative, or International for the other awards.
The requirements for the qualifying theatrical run are also different from those for other awards.
Only one screening per day is required. For example, the Best Picture winner, The Hurt Locker , was actually first released in , but did not qualify for the awards , as it did not play its Oscar-qualifying run in Los Angeles until mid, thus qualifying for the awards.
Foreign films must include English subtitles, and each country can submit only one film for consideration in the International Feature Film category per year.
This followed the win of O. The Academy's announcement of the new rule made no direct mention of that film. Producers must submit an Official Screen Credits online form before the deadline; in case it is not submitted by the defined deadline, the film will be ineligible for Academy Awards in any year.
The form includes the production credits for all related categories. Then, each form is checked and put in a Reminder List of Eligible Releases.
In late December, ballots, and copies of the Reminder List of Eligible Releases are mailed to around 6, active members.
For most categories, members from each of the branches vote to determine the nominees only in their respective categories i. In the special case of Best Picture, all voting members are eligible to select the nominees.
In all major categories, a variant of the single transferable vote is used, with each member casting a ballot with up to five nominees ten for Best Picture ranked preferentially.
In most categories, the winner is selected from among the nominees by plurality voting of all members.
Film companies will spend as much as several million dollars on marketing to awards voters for a movie in the running for Best Picture, in attempts to improve chances of receiving Oscars and other movie awards conferred in Oscar season.
The Academy enforces rules to limit overt campaigning by its members so as to try to eliminate excesses and prevent the process from becoming undignified.
It has an awards czar on staff who advises members on allowed practices and levies penalties on offenders. The major awards are presented at a live televised ceremony, commonly in late February or early March following the relevant calendar year, and six weeks after the announcement of the nominees.
It is the culmination of the film awards season, which usually begins during November or December of the previous year. This is an elaborate extravaganza, with the invited guests walking up the red carpet in the creations of the most prominent fashion designers of the day.
Black tie dress is the most common outfit for men, although fashion may dictate not wearing a bow-tie , and musical performers sometimes do not adhere to this.
The artists who recorded the nominees for Best Original Song quite often perform those songs live at the awards ceremony, and the fact that they are performing is often used to promote the television broadcast.
The Academy Awards is the world's longest-running awards show televised live in all U. NBC regained the rights for five years —75 , then ABC resumed broadcast duties in and its current contract with the Academy runs through The ceremony was broadcast live internationally for the first time via satellite since , but only two South American countries, Chile and Brazil, purchased the rights to air the broadcast.
By that time, the television rights to the Academy Awards had been sold in 50 countries. A decade later, the rights were already being sold to 60 countries, and by , the TV rights to the Awards were licensed in 76 countries.
The earlier date is also to the advantage of ABC, as it now usually occurs during the highly profitable and important February sweeps period.
Some years, the ceremony is moved into the first Sunday of March to avoid a clash with the Winter Olympic Games.
Another reason for the move to late February and early March is also to avoid the awards ceremony occurring so close to the religious holidays of Passover and Easter, which for decades had been a grievance from members and the general public.
The production of the Academy Awards telecast currently holds the distinction of winning the most Emmys in history, with 47 wins and nominations overall since that award's own launch in However, such an accelerated schedule would dramatically decrease the voting period for its members, to the point where some voters would only have time to view the contending films streamed on their computers as opposed to traditionally receiving the films and ballots in the mail.
Originally scheduled for April 8, , the 40th Academy Awards ceremony was postponed for two days, because of the assassination of Dr.
Martin Luther King, Jr. In , an In Memoriam segment was introduced,  honoring those who had made a significant contribution to cinema who had died in the preceding 12 months, a selection compiled by a small committee of Academy members.
Criticism was also levied for many years regarding another aspect, with the segment having a " popularity contest " feel as the audience varied their applause to those who had died by the subject's cultural impact; the applause has since been muted during the telecast, and the audience is discouraged from clapping during the segment and giving silent reflection instead.
This segment was later followed by a commercial break. In terms of broadcast length, the ceremony generally averages three and a half hours.
At the other end of the spectrum, the ceremony lasted four hours and twenty-three minutes. This, according to organizer Bill Mechanic, was to ensure the elimination of what he termed "the single most hated thing on the show" — overly long and embarrassing displays of emotion.
Although still dominant in ratings, the viewership of the Academy Awards has steadily dropped; the 88th Academy Awards were the lowest-rated in the past eight years although with increases in male and 18—49 viewership , while the show itself also faced mixed reception.
Following the show, Variety reported that ABC was, in negotiating an extension to its contract to broadcast the Oscars, seeking to have more creative control over the broadcast itself.
Currently and nominally, AMPAS is responsible for most aspects of the telecast, including the choice of production staff and hosting, although ABC is allowed to have some input on their decisions.
Historically, the telecast's viewership is higher when box-office hits are favored to win the Best Picture award. More than By contrast, ceremonies honoring films that have not performed well at the box office tend to show weaker ratings, despite how much critically acclaimed those films have been.
The Academy Film Archive holds copies of every Academy Awards ceremony since the Oscars and material on many prior ceremonies, along with ancillary material related to more recent shows.
Copies are held on a variety of film, video, and digital formats. In , the first Academy Awards were presented at a banquet dinner at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel.
From to , the ceremony alternated between two venues: the Ambassador Hotel on Wilshire Boulevard and the Biltmore Hotel in downtown Los Angeles.
Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Hollywood then hosted the awards from to , followed by the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles from to From to , the awards were presented at Hollywood's Pantages Theatre.
In the late s and early s, the ceremony returned to the Shrine. In , Hollywood's Dolby Theatre previously known as the Kodak Theatre became the presentation's current venue.
In the first year of the awards, the Best Directing award was split into two categories Drama and Comedy.
From the s through the s, the Art Direction now Production Design , Cinematography, and Costume Design awards were likewise split into two categories black-and-white films and color films.
In August , the Academy announced that several categories would not be televised live, but rather be recorded during commercial breaks and aired later in the ceremony.
This followed a number of proposals among them, the introduction of a Popular Film category that the Academy had announced but did not implement.
The Board of Governors meets each year and considers new award categories. To date, the following categories have been proposed:.
The Special Academy Awards are voted on by special committees, rather than by the Academy membership as a whole. They are not always presented on an annual basis.
Due to the positive exposure and prestige of the Academy Awards, many studios spend millions of dollars and hire publicists specifically to promote their films during what is typically called the " Oscar season ".
This has generated accusations of the Academy Awards being influenced more by marketing than by quality. William Friedkin , an Academy Award-winning film director and former producer of the ceremony, expressed this sentiment at a conference in New York in , describing it as "the greatest promotion scheme that any industry ever devised for itself".
Tim Dirks, editor of AMC's filmsite. Unfortunately, the critical worth, artistic vision, cultural influence and innovative qualities of many films are not given the same voting weight.
Especially since the s, moneymaking "formula-made" blockbusters with glossy production values have often been crowd-pleasing titans and Best Picture winners , but they haven't necessarily been great films with depth or critical acclaim by any measure.
A recent technique that has been claimed to be used during the Oscar season is the whisper campaign. These campaigns are intended to spread negative perceptions of other movies nominated and are believed to be perpetrated by those that were involved in creating the movie.
Examples of whisper campaigns include the allegations against Zero Dark Thirty suggesting that it justifies torture and the claim that Lincoln distorts history.
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